Sumyah Rafid Mahmood1
1Department of Dietetics, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, UPM, Malaysia
The study aimed to compare the nutritional status, vitamin D levels, and lifestyle factors between non-T2DM and T2DM and its contribution to diabetes status.
This was a cross-sectional comparative study conducted at Al Kindi Teaching Hospital, Baghdad, Iraq. Respondents aged 20 to 65 years old with (n=85) and without T2DM (n=85) were invited to participate in the study. Measurements included anthropometry assessments, dietary intake and lifestyle factors (serum vitamin D, exposure to the sunlight, PAL, alcohol consumption, smoking). Serum vitamin D were analyzed by Mini Vidas, FBG were analysed using Cobas c 311 (Rotkreuz, Switzerland).
Results & Discussion
The mean age of the respondents was 47.5 ¬±8.7 years with a fasting blood glucose (FBG) of 8.5 ¬± 4.3 mmol/L. Respondents with T2D had high in educational level, waist-hip-ratio, body fat percentage, FBG, family history of T2DM, and low serum vitamin D. In terms of dietary intake, weekly consumption of red meat, pizza, cake, nuts, bread and brown bread was significantly higher in non-T2DM than T2DM. Factors contributed to diabetes status included educational level and FBG.
After a comparison between non-T2DM and T2DM the found high in educational level, waist-hip-ratio, body fat percentage, FBG, family history of T2DM, and low serum vitamin D. low educational level and high FBS contributes to T2DM risk in the final model.