SR21 - PREVALENCE OF HYPERTENSION AND FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH BLOOD PRESSURE AMONG HOSPITALISED ELDERLY IN HOSPITAL SERDANG Siti Nurhaliza binti Hashidi

Siti Nurhaliza H. & Noraida O.

 

1Department of Dietetics, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia

 

Objective

Increasing trends of hypertension have been recognized as a common disease among the elderly. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of hypertension and factors associated with blood pressure among hospitalized elderly.

 

Methodology

This was a cross-sectional study involving 124 elderly in-patients in Hospital Serdang, Selangor. Data on socio-demography, medical background, anthropometry, blood biochemistry, and lifestyle were collected through face-to-face interviews and medical records. Dietary intake was obtained through two days of food history. Malnutrition risks and stress level were determined using the Mini Nutritional Assessment Short-Form (MNA-SF) and the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS).

 

Results & Discussion

This study comprised males (59.7%) and females (40.3%) with a mean age of 66.81 ± 5.35 years. Majority of the subjects were polypharmacy (68.5%), normal BMI (38.7%), abnormal fasting blood glucose (58.1%) and creatinine (50.8%), and had insufficient dietary intake (66.1%). Nearly 62.1% were engaged with physical activity, 23.4% were smoking, and 4.8% were taking alcohol. Approximately 66.1% and 86.3% were classified as having normal nutritional status and normal stress levels. In this study, the prevalence of hypertension among elderly patients warded in Hospital Serdang, Selangor was 72.6%, and factors such as length of stay, number of comorbidities, number of medications, and having comorbidities of hypertension, dyslipidemia, and diabetes mellitus, polypharmacy, height, BMI, total cholesterol, fasting blood glucose, fiber, polyunsaturated fat, dietary cholesterol, caffeine and duration of physical activity were significantly associated with the blood pressure at p<0.05.

 

Conclusion

The present study concluded 72.6% of hospitalized elderly presented with hypertension as one of the comorbidities with number of factors significantly associated with blood pressure.