Nurul Izzati Mohd Suffian1, Siti Nur 'Asyura Adznam1,2, Hazizi Abu Saad1,3, Zuriati Ibrahim1, Noraida Omar1,2
1Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia.
2Malaysian Research Institute of Ageing, (My Ageing) Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang 43400, Selangor Malaysia.
3Sports Academy, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang 43400, Selangor, Malaysia.
Frailty Intervention through Nutrition Education and Exercise (FINE) program is a health promotion program to ameliorate frailty status among Malaysian elderly. In regard to the program, few education materials e.g. booklet, flipchart and slides presentations mainly comprise of the topic frailty, healthy eating and exercise have been developed. These education materials will be executed throughout this 3-month frailty intervention program. Thus, prior the intervention program, a study has been carried out to assess the acceptance of the developed education material among the Malaysian elderly in Program Perumahan Rakyat (PPR) flats in Kuala Lumpur area.
Acceptance was assessed in term of the understanding and actionability using Malay language of Patient Education Materials Assessment Tool (PEMAT) questionnaire. Data were then analyzed descriptively using numbers and percentages.
Results & Discussion
A cross sectional study has been conducted among 16 community-dwelling elderlies aged 60 years and above from PPR Hiliran Ampang. The participants consist of 5 males and 11 females with the mean age at 65.94 (SD= 5.3225). In overall, the understanding and actionability of the education material were fairly high at range between 73.2% to 84.9%. The slides presentation has the lowest understanding score at 83.5% due to not having explanation on certain medical terms and no summary provided at the end of the slides. Meanwhile, flipchart has the lowest actionability score at 73.2% by the reason of explanation does not clear, no instruction or example provided to perform the calculation and the material does not provide instruction on how to use the table and diagram. Action has been taken based on all the reports and comments
To conclude, the developed education materials were well accepted among Malaysian elderlies yet, further acceptance study among health professional is required before it can effectively be used in the frailty intervention program.