Anis Syakirah Zainol & Noraida Omar
1Department of Dietetics, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia
Elevated body fat percentage has resulted in a significant number of morbidity and mortality. Thus, this study aimed to assess the body fat percentage among hospitalized elderly in Klang Valley hospitals.
This study included 57 subjects aged 60 years and older recruited from the geriatric wards of three hospitals in Klang Valley: Hospital Sungai Buloh, Hospital Tengku Ampuan Rahimah, and Hospital Kuala Lumpur using purposive and convenience sampling design. A face-to-face interview was conducted to complete the self-developed questionnaire while the body fat percentage was assessed using a handheld bio-electrical impedance OMRON HBF-302. The value is compared with the Gallagher’s classification of body fat percentage.
Results & Discussion
The mean age of subjects were 72.27 ¬± 7.31 years with 42% are male while 58% are female. From the analysis, the mean body fat percentage was 29.25 ¬± 9.09% with the mean among males and females was 26.05 ¬± 7.36% and 31.74 ¬± 9.63% respectively. The analysis showed that there was a significant difference between the means of the two groups [t (53) = -2.400, p<0.05]. Among the subjects, 27.3% had high body fat percentages, and 21.9% had very high body fat percentages. This study also found 12.7% of the subjects had a low body fat percentage. There is a significant difference between the mean of the gender due to the difference in the body composition between male and females. This can be explained as men are more likely to have adipose tissue around the trunk and abdomen whereas women tend to have adipose tissue on the hips and thighs.
This study highlighted an issue that majority of the hospitalized elderly have an elevated of body fat percentage. Hence, a better understanding of managing elevated body fat percentage should be enhanced to reduce morbidity and mortality among the elderly.