Siti Nur 'Asyura Adznam1,2 and Nur Najatul Munirah Muhamad Bokery1
1Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
2Malaysian Research Institute of Ageing, (My Ageing) Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang 43400, Selangor Malaysia
Frailty syndrome is a dynamic process due to its reversibility. Transition in frailty status was common among elderly. This cross-sectional study aimed to compare the frailty status and its transition after 1 year follow-up among the community-dwelling elderly residents in PPR Kuala Lumpur.
A total of 113 out of 301 respondents were managed to be reached from February 2020 until March 2020 before Movement Control Order due to the pandemic COVID-19. However, only 87 with a mean age of 68.3±5.7 years old were included in this study after screened based on inclusion and exclusion criteria. Respondent’s anthropometric measures and body composition were measured. Face-to-face interview was done based on 8 components in the questionnaire which were socio-demographic characteristics, frailty syndrome status, presence of chronic disease, psychological status, functional status, risk of malnutrition and physical activity.
Results & Discussion
Majority respondent were Malay (76.0%), married (56.0%), had education status at primary school level (42.0%), not working/housewife (57.0%) and household income below than RM2,500. Most of them were pre-frail (79.3%), followed by frail (18.4%) and robust (2.3%). Majority of them were in remained category (65.5%), followed by worsening category (21.8%) and improving category (12.6%). There was a statistically significant different in worsening weakness (p=0.004) and slowness (p=0.003) based on Fried Phenotypic Criteria among respondents between 2019 and 2020.
As conclusion, a future study needs to be done in determining factors associated with worsening and improving in frailty state transitions.