Zaki N.1, NBM Yusop.1
1 Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Department of Dietetics, Universiti Putra Malaysia.
This study aimed to determine gender differences in anthropometric and body composition measurements among obese children.
A total of 53 obese children (71.7% boys and 28.3% girls) with a mean age of (10±1.6) years old participated in this study. Data on sociodemographic were obtained before performed measurements. Weight, height, waist and hip circumferences were obtained by digital column weighing scale SECA 701, SECA 213 portable stadiometer and tape SECA 20, respectively. Body composition was measured using a body composition analyser (InBody S10®; Biospace Co., Ltd., Seoul, Korea). The data obtained included protein mass, mineral mass, body fat mass, total body water (TBW), soft lean mass, fat free mass (FFM), skeletal muscle mass (SMM) and percent body fat. SPSS version 26 was used to analyse the data.
Results & Discussion
The majority of the subjects (91.5%) were born with normal birth weight and the mean for BMI-for-age z score were (3.6¬±1.1). There were significant differences in BMI-for-age z score [t(50.923)=2.553,p=<0.05] and right leg phase angle measurement [t(26.77)=2.27,p=<0.05] between boys and girls. Both measurements were higher among boys (BMI-for-age z score=3.827¬±1.24; right leg PhA = 4.588¬±0.64) as compared to girls (BMI-for-age z score=3.22¬±0.50; right leg PhA = 4.127¬±0.61).
There were no significant different in body fat mass, TBW, soft lean mass, FFM, SMM, and body fat percentage. BMI-for-age z score and PhA is associated with nutritional and health risk in children. Hence, it may be useful in designing a nutrition intervention that incorporate different weight management plan in these two groups.