Shazli Illyani M.S.1, Noraida O.1, Zuriati I.1
1 Department of Dietetics, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia.
The world's population is ageing. Not only it changes the body composition, but ageing also causes psychological, pathological and economic alterations. These may impact an individual's nutritional status and quality of life. Thus, this systematic review aims to review the prevalence of hospitalised geriatric malnutrition and its associated factors.
The articles were screened and reviewed based on their titles, abstracts and keywords. English written articles, open-accessed and published between January 2009 and December 2019 were then selected. The PRISMA method was used for this study. Potential studies related to hospitalised geriatric malnutrition were identified using two different combinations and two major electronic search engines: Pubmed and Science Direct.
Results & Discussion
From a search of 1011 articles, 22 articles were identified related to hospitalised geriatric malnutrition. Globally, it is found that the prevalence of malnourished hospitalised elderly patients ranged between 6% – 74.5%. The factors associated with malnutrition among the elderly population were recognised, namely socio-demography, medical background, anthropometry data, biochemical data, nutrition-focus physical findings, and dietary inadequacy.
With various factors identified in this review, this proves that geriatric malnutrition is still a major concern. Future strategies for interventions need to be taken to overcome this issue otherwise affecting the health status and life expectancy of the elderly as well as increasing the cost of hospitalisation.