Aesyah Nadiah Ali.1, Noral Aimeen Abd Rahman.1
1 Bukit Jalil Sports School (BJSS), Kuala Lumpur
There is limited information on the changes in body composition among school students during pandemic of Covid 19 in Malaysia especially from sports background. The aim of the study was carried out to analyze the impact of Covid 19 pandemic on the body composition of sports school athletes.
The research was conducted by assessing the secondary data from Dietetic Clinic in one of the Sports School in Malaysia. The data includes body composition record of 193 sports school athletes according to sports group during Movement Control Order (MCO) by Malaysian Government from January until September 2020. The data was collected by using Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis 170 device.
Results & Discussion
During the lockdown, 74% of the total sports school athletes gained body weight, 81% of them gained fat mass and 48% of them lost muscle mass. On average, female athletes gained fat mass by +2.50kg and lost muscle mass by -0.50kg compared to male athletes which at +1.82kg and +0.23kg respectively (p-value<0.005). Athletes who continued self-training at home under coaches surveillance via online platform throughout the pandemic experienced muscle mass gain of +0.34 kg and athletes who did not continue training at home had loss muscle mass by -0.45 kg (p-value>0.05). On average of weight, fat and muscle changes among sports group, Volleyball Male Team showed the best outcomes compared to other teams (p-value<0.05).
During MCO, the sports school athletes experienced fat mass gain and the result was better in group of athletes who continued the training at home. The survey was done among sports school students and the results may be worse among ordinary school students. The increase in body weight and fat mass in female is higher compared to male athletes was correlated by various factors in many studies such as eating behavior, emotional disturbances, menstrual status and many more.